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10 historical mistakes in the TV Show Medici: Masters of Florence

The popular TV series Medici: Masters of Florence, now showing on Netflix tells the story of the rise to power of the wealthy de’ Medici family in Florence. But to what extent is the story based on the truth? Was Giovanni really murdered? Did Lorenzo never marry and did Cosimo father an illegitimate child with a slave? intoFlorence has all the answers.
Medici: Masters of Florence

The name de’ Medici is linked inseparably to the history of Florence. For more than three centuries the wealthy banking family played a major role in the political life of the city. They financed the development of the Renaissance and left a cultural heritage of inestimable value to their beloved Florence.

The TV show “Medici: Masters of Florence” is produced by the Italian RAI. It tells the story of the pater familias of the Medici family, Cosimo de’ Medici (also known as the Elder), played by Richard Madden famous for the role of Robb Stark in Game of Thrones. After the death of his father, Giovanni di Bicci de’ Medici (Dustin Hoffman) Cosimo takes charge of the Medici bank. He increases his political influence and takes on the other powerful families of Florence.

Despite the millions of viewers in Italy that faithfully watched Medici: Masters of Florence week after week, there was also a lot of criticism. For many, the show was too Hollywoodian and not always historically correct. In film productions, it is standard practice to glam up a historical story to make the plot more romantic, dramatic and exciting. According to Frank Spotnitz, the series creator, they opted for a historical “what if” scenario with a made up murder plot to attract those viewers who otherwise would not be interested in a family saga about the Medici. The search of Cosimo and Lorenzo for the murderer of their father Giovanni is the central theme of the TV show.

Medici: Masters of Florence is a beautiful production with gorgeous sets and costumes, and I enjoyed watching it. It is obviously a fiction and not a documentary, not everything you see in the series did actually happen that way.

For the history buffs who want to know how the story of the Medici family really went down here is an overview of the most important “artistic liberties” or historical mistakes made by the creators of the show.

1. The beautiful Medici men

The actors who play the main characters are all very easy on eyes. But were the Medici men really that good looking? Unfortunately not. Moreover, hereditary diseases like arthritis and gout-plagued the family. They most likely didn’t sport such fashionable beards either, on the old paintings of that time they are all depicted with clean-shaven faces.

Medici: Masters of Florence Medici: Masters of Florenc

2. The death of Giovanni di Bicci de’ Medici

In the opening scene of the series, we see how the father Giovanni idyllically seated in a vineyard is enjoying the beautiful view of Florence. The grapes that he eats turn out to be poisoned and he dies between the vines. In reality, Giovanni died on February 20, 1429, not the season for outdoor grape eating. Furthermore, he was not murdered, the writers to create a more exciting plot invented that part of the story.

3. The role of Contessina de’ Bardi

Contessina was indeed the wife of Cosimo; she came from a noble but impoverished family. Although it was an arranged marriage and Cosimo and Contessina did not marry out of love, they still had a very good and loving relationship that produced two sons, Piero and Giovanni.
Contessina was a woman of her time, and she undoubtedly kept herself busy with household matters, the education of the children and receiving guests. She didn’t interfere with the banking business or political life of her husband. Therefore it is unthinkable that she would enter a gathering of the Signoria on horseback pleading for the life of Cosimo. History tells us that it was the other Italian states that pressured the Signoria to convert the death sentence of Cosimo in exile.
In the series Contessina breaks the news of a secret marriage to Cosimo allowing him to return to Florence, betraying the confidence of her former sweetheart in the process. In reality, it was Cosimo’s influence and connections that made it possible to overthrow the Albizzi family.

Medici: Masters of Florence

4. Cosimo’s lovers

In Rome, Cosimo falls in love with the beautiful, but poor Bianca and the young lovers lose themselves in a passionate romance until Giovanni puts an end to it. Nothing is known about the love life of Cosimo before he got married, but it is quite possible that as a youngster he had a romantic escapade. We’ll never know.
Maddalena, the slave Cosimo takes back from Venice to Florence, did exist. Together they had a son Carlo de’ Medici. The boy was brought up by Cosimo’s wife Contessina along with his half-brothers. He later became a priest and devoted his life to the church. Maddalena’s further fate is unknown.

5. Cosimo poisoned in prison

Because he was afraid of being poisoned, Cosimo refused the food that was brought to him during his imprisonment in the Tower of Palazzo Vecchio. He bribed the jailer so he could receive meals from home.

6. Lorenzo de’ Medici’s marriage and death

Lorenzo de’ Medici (also known as the Elder), was the younger brother of Cosimo. In the series, he is a womanizer who loses his heart to Rosa and ultimately never marries. In reality, Rosa never existed. Lorenzo married in 1416 at the age of 21 with Ginevra di Giovanni di Amerigo dei Cavalcanti. The couple had two sons. Lorenzo’s great-grandson Cosimo I de’ Medici would later become the first Grand Duke of Florence in 1569.
As their father Giovanni was never murdered, Cosimo never accused his brother Lorenzo of being involved in his death. Furthermore, an accomplice of the Pazzi family didn’t kill Lorenzo. He died in 1440 at the age of 45 in the family villa Careggi in Florence; the cause of death is unknown.

7. The death of Rinaldo degli Albizzi

Cosimo’s big rival and his son come to a violent end in a Tuscan forest after he was exiled from Florence. Rinaldo was indeed banished from the city and would never return to Florence. After eight years of exile, he died in 1442 at the age of 72 in Ancona.

8. The facade of the Duomo

Various scenes were filmed around the Duomo, and Baptistery of Florence and the buildings form an impressive backdrop to the story. What many people do not know is that the front of the Duomo was still bare in the 15th century. The beautiful facade of the famous cathedral of Florence as we know it today wouldn’t be built until 1887.

The Duomo in a photo from the 19th century, the facade of the cathedral is still bare.

9. The dome of the San Lorenzo church

The parish church of the family, San Lorenzo, was indeed bare in the 15th century, as seen clearly in the TV series. Michelangelo was commissioned to create a fitting façade for the church, but he never finished the work.
What the church did not have in Cosimo’s time, but what can be seen in for example the opening scene with Giovanni in the vineyard, is the Cappella dei Principi, with its big red dome. The chapel was built in 1604. The protagonists of the second season of the series are buried here, Lorenzo the Magnificent and his brother Giuliano.

Medici: Masters of Florence

10. The Ponte Vecchio and Vasari Corridor

The famous Ponte Vecchio is shown a couple of times in various scenes, but if you have seen the real bridge, you will notice instantly that something is not right. The real Ponte Vecchio has only three arches and not four as seen on TV.
In the last image shown at the beginning of each episode during the theme song, the Duomo is depicted without a dome. The Ponte Vecchio however (now with three arches) already has the Vasari corridor. This corridor connects measuring almost a kilometer connects Palazzo Vecchio with Pitti Palace on the south bank of the Arno and passes on top of the Ponte Vecchio. The Vasari Corridor was built in 1565 by architect Giorgio Vasari and was commissioned by another Cosimo: Grand Duke Cosimo I de’ Medici.

Medici: Masters of Florence


  1. I really enjoyed this series. I am so glad to learn the “reality” too. Thanks for sharing this information! It’s really worth reading.

  2. The camera keeps focusing on Richard’s beautiful eyes which is distracting. I would rather it looked more like Wolf Hall where the actors are not stunning so you can enjoy the plot. I read the Albrizzi didn’t die like that. I also read Carlo the illegitimate son had bright blue eyes as his mother was Circassian. I hated the way she was treated. The good thing is the series may lead to people finding out the real history as this is a fascinating period. Not having Lorenzo marry is problematic as his heirs were powerful. Seems a bit daft.

    1. Those baby blues were distracting at times. I understand they added the murder plot to spice things up, but I don’t understand some of the other choices the writers made. For example Lorenzo not being married with children, since it’s his offspring that continued the Medici family later on and not Cosimo’s. Ok it’s fiction, but they could have stuck more to the actual facts.

      1. i think they did that to Lorenzo in order to get this dramatic action and for his loyalty to Rosa

  3. I might be wrong but the scene where they play that ball game (where the rivalry starts between the Medici and the Albizzi) was shown in front of a church that looks like the current one in the Santo Spirito neighborhood. But I believe that it was (and maybe still is) played in the piazza in front of the Santa Croce church.

  4. Mistake #11 – The Doge of Venice is another character in the series. Here he appears to be in his 40’s. In reality, the doges were selected around the age of 70. This ensured that the new doge would be (a) a man of experience and with a proven track record, and (b) would not live to overstay his welcome in office. Good show tho.

    1. At the Time of Cosimo in Venice, the Doge was Francesco Foscari who would have been about 60 years of age.

      Maddalena the circassian woman would have been brought to Venice from Tana ( now called Azov in Russia ). Venice ceased slavery in the black sea area at about 1450. The genoese kept it going from their town called Kaffa ( crimea )

  5. Maddalena was purchased in 1427 by an agent of Cosimo’s. Carlo was born in either 1428 or 1430, 3-5 years prior to his exile in Venice. His purchase and impregnating of a slave girl of most likely Circassian descent was a great failure, in my opinion.

    The Calcio has always been in the Piazza di Santa Croce. Cosimo was not involved in building of the dome at Santa Maria de Fiore. He was on the selection committee for the doors to the Baptistry and after the dome was completed, the lantern atop the Duomo. Cosimo was never known to have personal artistic ambitions. Cosimo was a devout amd grateful Christian (Catholic), an avid reader and scholar that perhaps single-handedly spurred the explosion of ancient Greek letters translation which in turn effected the rapid increase of the output in art, sculpture, architecture, letters (and their attendant discourse amd debate) that we see as indicative of the Renaissance.

  6. Thank you Intofloence for the history of Forence and comments of values. Waiting to watch season 2.

    1. Glad you enjoyed it. Casting has begun for season 2, so hopefully, we’ll soon have more news about it. I will be writing articles about the history of the Medici of course for

  7. My interest in the Medici began when I read “The Agony and the Ecstasy,” a big Irving Stone novel in the 1960. Even tho it was an entertainment novel, the research was phenomenal. The description of the in-house academy for the Art students under his roof was fantastic, and really soured me on school. Of course Savaonrola is the one who eventually tear Lorenzo apart and destroy his little utopia of art, culture, politics and the good life.
    Since then, I can’t imagine Lorenzo torturing agreeing to torture his enemies, or even how the students turned their backs on him, as things got worse. What Lorenzo created, was just too good for semi-literate peasants, easily manipulated by a friar he was supposed to be extra holy: if he had been, he wouldn’t have built and fired up the mob which destroyed, annihilated, that generation’ s Medici family, both the close family members, as well as the extended family of artists, poets, artisans, living in the Garden of Genius there.

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